Artificial grass or turf is a surface manufactured from synthetic fibers made to look like natural grass. It is most often used in arenas for sports that were originally or are normally played on grass. However, it is now being used on residential lawns and commercial applications as well.
The main reason is maintenance – artificial grass standing up to heavy use, such as in sports, and requires no irrigation or trimming. Domed, covered, and partially covered stadiums may require artificial grass or turf because of the difficulty of getting grass enough sunlight to stay healthy. But artificial grass does have its downside: limited life, periodic cleaning requirements, petroleum use, toxic chemicals from infill and some heightened health and safety concerns with children.
Artificial turf first gained substantial attention in the 1960s, when it was used in the newly constructed Astrodome in Huston, Texas. The specific product used was called AstroTurf; this term since then became a colloquialism for any artificial grass or turf throughout the late 20th century (although the term, along with the original AstroTurf, is now mostly obsolete, having been replaced by more modern turfs such as NoMow artificial grass).